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湖南城建职业技术学院2019年单独招生考试《文化

来源:未知 2019-04-19

一、考试目标
公平、科学、规范、准确地测试学生英语语言基础知识和英语语言综合应用能力,其中包括英语语言知识(主要指词汇和结构)的运用能力、阅读能力、初步的语言翻译能力,为使学生能以英语为工具,获取专业所需信息,并为进一步提高英语水平打下较好的基础。
二、考试内容和基本要求
(一)词汇和结构 (Vocabulary and structure)
要求学生掌握常用词汇、短语和语言基本知识。

语言知识点 考点
情态动词 can、may、must、should等情态动词在日常生活中的运用
时态语态 基本时态用法
被动语态用法
虚拟语气 If 虚拟条件句
非谓语动词 不定式
现在分词
过去分词
强调句型 It is /was + 被强调部分+ that + 句子其它部分
名词性从句 同位语从句、主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句
定语从句 that,which,who,whom,whose,when,where,why连接词的运用
状语从句 连词的运用,如if, unless
倒装 Only、否定词置于句首的部分倒装句
It 用法 作形式主语和形式宾语的用法
高频词组 如:look forward to, come up with, pay attention to ...等
 
(二)阅读理解(Reading Comprehension)
本部分测试的文字材料包括一般性阅读材料(如文化、社会、常识、科普、经贸、人物等)和应用性文字(如
信函、广告、说明书等),难度适宜。
本部分题型包括2篇阅读,其中一篇为阅读选择题,另一篇为阅读填空回答问题(填写不得超过三个英语单词)。
主要测试以下阅读技能:
1.掌握所读材料的主旨和大意;
2.了解用以阐述主旨的事实和有关细节;
3.根据上下文判断某些生词和短语的意义;
4.理解单词的意义和上下句的逻辑关系;
5.根据所读的材料进行一定的判断、推理;
6.领会作者的观点和态度。
(三) 翻译(Translation)
翻译部分为英汉互译。主要考核考生对英语固定词组、句型、特殊句式、各
种从句等语言基础知识的掌握程度。
英译汉部分:测试考生将英语正确译成汉语的能力。所译材料为英文句子。
汉译英部分:句中的一部分已用英文给出,要求考生根据全句意思将汉语部
分译成英语。
翻译必须符合英语的语法结构和表达习惯,要求用词准确。
 
三、试题类型及分值
词汇和结构(30分)
 

(一)选择题(10小题,每题3分,共30分)
 

1、题型举例:
(1) ______ I have a word with you? It won’t take long. (考查情态动词)
A.Can    B. Shall    C. Must    D. Should
(2)Not a single song _____ at yesterday’s party. (考查否定词置于句首的部分倒装句)
    A. she sang      B. sang she    C. did she sing    D. she did sing  
(3) If we ___________ now to protect the environment, we'll live to regret it. (考查基本时态)
    A. hadn't acted     B. haven't acted    C. don't act    D. won't act
 
(二)阅读理解(40分)
 

题型举例
Task 1    Choose the best answer. (5小题,每小题4分)
   Boris has starred in a dozen horror movies. He always plays a monster, a ghost, or some other frightening character. He uses a lot of make-up (化妆)to make his face as horrifying as possible. Boris finds it interesting to play monsters. He has never been interested in playing romantic heroes, even though he is quite good-looking without his make-up.
   Last year, after he had made five movies in a row, Boris was so exhausted that he wanted to take a long vacation. He went to a tropical island where no one knew him and he didn’t have to do anything but lie on the beach. But soon he was bored. Lying on the beach all day with nothing to do can be boring. Boris wanted to do something interesting and exciting again. After that vacation Boris decided that he liked his exhausting schedule after all.
   When he came back from his vacation, Boris began working on a new movie right away. He was so glad to be occupied again that he didn’t think about being tired. All his attention was devoted to his performance. Boris was determined to be more frightening in this movie than he had ever been before.
   In real life Boris isn’t frightening at all. People are always amazed to see how handsome he is off the screen. He is also very kind, especially with children. That is why Boris was so surprised last week when a little girl he met on the street screamed and ran away from him. Boris had forgotten to take off his make-up.
 
1. Why does Boris always play a frightening character?
   A. He has an ugly face.   B. He is interested in it.
   C. He believes in ghosts.  D. He is very humorous.     
2. Why did Boris want to take a long vacation?
   A. He was very tired.       B. He was quite ill.
   C. He had no suitable characters to play.         
D. He missed his friends very much.
3. What did Boris think of his vacation?
   A. Interesting.        B. Exciting.         C. Exhausting.       D. Boring.
4. How did Boris feel when he came back to work again?
   A. Happy.  B. Worried.  C. Unhappy.    D. Excited.
5. What kind of person is Boris in real life?
A. Frightening  B. Disappointing  C. Unfriendly   D. Kind.
 
Task 2    Give brief answers (in no more than 3 words) to the 5 questions that follow. (5小题,每小题4分)
Lost Property Office
Opening hours
    The office is open every day from 08:00-19:00.
Contacting the lost property office
    Telephone number: 0844 824 3115 (UK only).
    If you are calling from outside the UK, please ca11+44 (0)20 8634 4130
    Phone lines are open every day 09: 00-17: 00.
    Email: lhr. lostproperty@ bagport.co.uk
Where to find us
   We are by the Heathrow Express ticket office near Terminal(航站楼) 3. Just follow the signs for “Lost Property” in the underground passageway. We also have an office in Terminal 5 for any items lost here or on a British Airways flight operating from this terminal. Find us near domestic arrivals.
Hold baggage (托运行李) inquiries
    Baggage delivery is the responsibility of each airline. For inquiries relating to hold baggage please contact your airline directly.
Items left on aircraft, in airline lounges(候机厅)  or on airline buses
    If anything is left on an aircraft, in an airline lounge or on an airline bus, please contact your airline. However, for Arik Air, Blue One, British Airways, SAS, Swissair, Tap Air Portugal and Virgin Atlantic Airways, please contact lost property above.
 
1. What are the opening hours for the lost property office?
     From _________________________________ every day.
2. What is the telephone number of the lost property office for calling from outside the UK?
      ____________________________________.
3. Where can you find the lost property office near Terminal 3?
     By the Heathrow Express ______________.                            .
4. How can you get to the Lost Property office near Terminal 3?
     By following the signs for “Lost Property” in ____________________________ .
5. Whom should you contact if you left something on an airline bus?
     Your ________________________ .
 
(三)翻译(30分)
题型举例
Task 1   Translate the following sentences into Chinese. (5小题,每小题3分)
1.The trouble is that they are short of money.
2.I showed him my pictures.
3.Tom found it hard to communicate with his mother.
 
Task 2   Translate the expressions in brackets into English. (5小题,每小题4分)
1.______________________(令我吃惊的是),he passed the driving test.
2.It is difficult ___________________________ (对于老年人来说学英语).
四、考试方式、时量、分值
考试方式 纸笔测试  闭卷
考试时量 30分钟
试卷分值 100分
 
五、试卷结构
1.各类题型及分值
  选择题 非选择题
题  型 选择题 问答题 翻译题
分  值 50分 20分 30分
 
 
2.考试内容及分值
考试内容 词汇与结构 阅读理解 翻译题
分  值 30分 40分 30分
 
 
 
 
 


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